Dividend nil-rate

An outline of the changes to the rules regarding dividends.

Blue Spire can help taxpayers in the Brighton area with queries you have regarding dividends – here is an overview of the new Dividend Allowance scheme...

A person does not have to pay tax on the first £2,000 of dividend income, regardless of the level of non-dividend income. Tax is charged on dividends received over £2,000 at the following rates:

  • 7.5% on dividend income within the basic rate band
  • 32.5% on dividend income within the higher rate band
  • 38.1% on dividend income within the additional rate band.

The Dividend Allowance does not reduce total income for tax purposes, and dividends within the allowance still count towards the appropriate basic or higher rate bands. They may therefore affect the rate of tax payable on dividends received in excess of the £2,000 allowance.

Example 1

This example, based on 2020/21 tax rates and allowances, shows the taxable amounts.

  Non-Dividend Income
£
Dividend Income
£
  18,000 22,000

Personal Allowance

12,500
Taxable at basic rate (20%) 5,500 -
Taxable at 0% (dividend allowance) 2,000
Taxable at 7.5% 20,000

Example 2

This example shows a higher rate taxpayer. The Dividend Allowance uses up some of the basic rate band and so less is available to be taxed at 7.5% rather than 32.5%.

  Non-Dividend Income
£
Dividend Income
£
  35,000 19,000
Personal Allowance 12,500 -
Taxable at basic rate 22,500 -
Taxable at 0% (dividend allowance) - 2,000
Taxable at 7.5% (up to remaining basic rate band) - 13,000
Taxable at higher rate (32.5%) - 4,000

Blue Spire can advise businesses in the Brighton area on a range of tax issues relating to dividends. Please contact us for more information.


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